Victory Gardens on the World War II Home Front (U.S. National Park Service) (2024)

Aschenbach, Joy (1992) “Victory Gardens That Sprouted in Wartime Still Feed the Body and Soul.” Los Angeles Times, October 4, 1992, p. 70.

Boswell, Victor R. (1943) Victory Gardens. United States Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication No. 483. Collection of the National Agricultural Library.

Brick Store Museum (2016) “Museum Gardens.” Brick Store Museum.

Burton, Jeffery F. (2018) “Manzanar’s World War II Gardens: Excavation, Stabilization, and Restoration.” Paper presented at the North American Japanese Garden Association International Conference, Portland, Oregon, September 29-October 1, 2018.

--- (2015) Garden Management Plan: Gardens and Gardeners at Manzanar. Manzanar National Historic Site, National Park Service.

Burton, Jeffery F. and Mary Farrell (2014/2015) “Creating Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: Manzanar’s Japanese Gardens.” Journal of the North American Japanese Garden Association 2: 50-59.

Burton, Jeffery F., Mary M. Farrell, Florence B. Lord, Richard W. Lord (2000) “Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites.” Western Archeological and Conservation Center, National Park Service.

Civic Garden Center (n.d.) “Our Story.” Civic Garden Center of Greater Cincinnati.

Clark, Bonnie J. (2011) “The Archaeology of Gardening at Amache: Summary Report – Summer 2010.” Prepared for Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, DC.

Cleveland Park Community Garden (n.d.) “Cleveland Park Community Garden: Home Page.” Cleveland Park Community Garden.

Comer, Elizabeth Anderson (2003) “Projects: National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland: Analysis and Interpretation of Aerial Imagery.” Elizabeth Anderson Comer / Archaeology.

Community Gardens Team (2023) “The Victory Garden and Community.” Smithsonian Gardens Community of Gardens.

Conis, Elena (2017) “Beyond Silent Spring: An Alternate History of DDT.” Distillations, Science History Institute, February 14, 2017.

Daily Tulean Dispatch (1943) “Reminiscing.” Tulean Daily Dispatch, August 16, 1943, p. 2. Chronicling America, Library of Congress.

Davis, Kenneth S. (1971) “The Deadly Dust: The Unhappy History of DDT.” American Heritage 22(2).

Ellis, Alva (1944) The Victory Garden Guide: Planting Date : How to Plant : Proper Care : Insects and Their Control. Self-published, April 1944.

Embry, Jessie L. (1995) “Fighting the Good Fight: The Utah Home Front during World War II.” Utah Historical Quarterly 64(3): 241-267

Fenway Victory Gardens (n.d.) “History.” Fenway Victory Gardens.

Fletcher, Carlton (2023) “Victory Gardens.” Glover Park History.

Glover Park Community Garden Association (2018) “About Glover Park Community Garden.” Glover Park Community Garden Association.

Goto, Deiko (2015) “On the Purpose and Role of Japanese Gardens in American Internment Camps.” Journal of the North American Japanese Garden Association 2: 60-70.

Grossman, Ron (2020) “Flashback: Digging In to Aid the War Effort: Victory Gardens Helped Chicagoans Fight Food Shortages, Low Morale.” Chicago Tribune, May 8, 2020.

Helphand, Kenneth I. (2006) Defiant Gardens: Making Gardens in Wartime. Trinity University Press, San Antonio, TX.

Hertzog’s Seeds (1943) “How to Make a Victory Garden: Hertzog’s Seeds: Vitamins, Vitality, Victory” (catalog). Hertzog’s Seeds, Columbus, Ohio. Collection of the National Agricultural Library.

Hunt, Max (2018) “Gardening Club Continues Legacy of Service, Friendship.” Mountain Xpress (Asheville, North Carolina) April 24, 2018.

HV Lawrence (1944) “Victory Gardens on Cape Cod: Reliable Gardening, Materials, Seeds, Insecticides, Fertilizers” (catalog). HV Lawrence, Falmouth, Massachusetts. Collection of the National Agricultural Library.

Library of Congress (n.d.) “Japanese-American Internment Camp Newspapers, 1942-1946” (collection). Chronicling America, Library of Congress.

Kim, Heidi (2017) “Victory Gardens Behind Barbed Wire: Japanese Americans Recall Eating in Camp.” Off the Menu: Asian America: A Film by Grade Lee, February 13, 2017.

Lillquist, Karl (2010) “Farming the Desert: Agriculture in the World War II-Era Japanese-American Relocation Centers.” Agricultural History 84(1): 74-104.

Moore, Gary (2022) “A Raw Deal (Part 3) – Agricultural Operations at Japanese Internment Camps.” The Friday Footnote: Focusing on the History of Agricultural Education and Rural America, June 2, 2022.

Morehouse, Lisa (2017) “Farming Behind Barbed Wire: Japanese-Americans Remember WWII Incarceration.” National Public Radio: The Salt, February 19, 2017.

Museum of American Heritage (2023) “MOAH Victory Garden.” The Museum of American Heritage: Invention & Technology 1750-1950.

Oregon Secretary of State (n.d.) “Cultivating for the Cause: Victory Gardens Till New Ground.” Life on the Home Front: Oregon Responds to World War II.

Ozawa, Koji Harris (2016) “The Archaeology of Gardens in Japanese American Incarceration Camps.” Master’s thesis, Department of Anthropology, San Francisco State University.

Putnam, Jean Marie and Lloyd C. Cosper (1942) Gardens for Victory. Harcourt, Brace and Co., New York.

Rock Creek Community Garden (2023) “Rock Creek Community Garden: About Us.” Rock Creek Community Garden.

Ryerson, Jade (2023) “National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Dowling Victory Garden.” Draft. On file with the National Park Service Cultural Resources Office of Interpretation and Education, Washington, DC.

Schons, Mary (2022) “Fenway Victory Gardens.” National Geographic Education, May 20, 2022.

Seattle Post-Intelligencer (1942) “Japanese Americans tried hard to make life at the assembly center bearable. Here, a camp inmate tends to a garden.” Seattle Post-Intelligencer Collection, Collections of the Museum of History & Industry, Seattle, WA.

Smithsonian Gardens (n.d. a) “Gardening for the Common Good.” Cultivating America’s Gardens, Smithsonian Libraries Exhibitions.

--- (n.d. b) “Victory Garden at the National Museum of American History.” Smithsonian Institution.

Sonnenberg, Jake (2015) “Shoot to Kill: Control and Controversy in the History of DDT Science.” Stanford Journal of Public Health, May 1, 2015.

Steinhauer, Jennifer (2020) “Victory Gardens Were More About Solidarity Than Survival.” New York Times Magazine, July 15, 2020.

Strawbery Banke (2023) “World War II Victory Garden.” Strawbery Banke Museum.

Sundin, Sarah (2022) “Victory Gardens in World War II. Today in World War II History, August 15, 2022.

Swader, Paul (2015) “An Analysis of Modified Material Culture from Amache: Investigating the Landscape of Japanese American Internment.” MA thesis, Social Sciences, University of Denver.

Tamura, Anna (2020) “Gardens in Camp.” Densho Encyclopedia, October 5, 2020.

Tavoda, McKenzie (2015) “A ‘Land You Could Not Escape yet Almost Didn’t Want to Leave:’ Japanese American Identity in Manzanar Internment Camp Gardens.” Undergraduate thesis, Chapman University, California.

United States Department of Agriculture (1945) Victory Garden Kit: Your Victory Garden Program – 1945. United States Department of Agriculture. Collection of Indiana University Library, Government Publications Department.

--- (1944a) A Victory Gardener’s Handbook on Insects and Diseases. United States Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication No. 525. Collection of the National Agricultural Library.

--- (1944b) Victory Garden Insect Guide, May 1944. United States Department of Agriculture. Collection of the National Agricultural Library.

--- (1943a) Victory Garden Leader’s Handbook. United States Department of Agriculture. Collection of the National Agricultural Library.

--- (1943b) “Victory Gardens for Beginners and Busy People” (radio script). United States Department of Agriculture, Radio Service. Collection of the National Agricultural Library.

United States Office of Civilian Defense (1942) Garden for Victory: Guide for Planning the Local Victory Garden Program, United States Office of Civilian Defense, Washington, DC. Collection of the National Agricultural Library.

United States Office of War Information (1942) “Washington, D.C. Vice President Henry A. Wallace in his Victory Garden.” Photo by John Vachon, Office of War Information, August 1942. Collection of the Library of Congress.

United States War Relocation Authority (1944) “Closing of the Jerome Center, Denson, Arkansas. Mrs. S. Matsunaga, a Jerome resident, takes up her flower garden for transplanting at her new home in the Rohwer Center.” Photo by Charles E. Mace, War Relocation Authority, June 14, 1944. Collection of the Library of Congress.

Varner, Natasha (2018) “The WWII Politics of Farms and Labor.” Densho, October 12, 2018.

Walerga Wasp (1942) “Victory Garden.” Walerga Wasp (Sacramento, California) May 20, 1942, p. 3

Watts, Katie (2022) “Finding Their Roots.” Sonoma County Gazette (Santa Rosa, California), March 28, 2022.

Winkler, Allan M. (2012) Home Front U.S.A.: America During World War II. 3rd Edition. Harlan Davidson, Wheeling, IL.

Wyatt, Barbara, ed. (2012) Japanese Americans in World War II: A National Historic Landmarks Theme Study. National Park Service, Washington, DC.

Zebrowski, Carl (2005) “Operation Rutabaga.” America in WWII, December 2005.

Victory Gardens on the World War II Home Front (U.S. National Park Service) (2024)


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